Sigiriya or the Lion Mountain, on the island of Sri Lanka, is a plateau that rises to a 1200 feet height. According to a legend, the castle on the plateau was built be King Kasyapa in the late 5th century.
In the 5th century, Kasyapa, the oldest son of King Dhatusena, was the obvious heir to the throne, but his father decided in favor of the youngest son Moggallana. After that Kasyapa, executed his father. Moggallana was afraid of his brother and refuged in South India. Kasyapa, in order to protect himself against numerous enemies, decided to build the capital in the most inaccessible place. The Sigiriya plateau was a perfect spot for that. By the end of 5th century, near the plateau, was built a luxurious city with a flourishing garden, multi-level fountains, and even several swimming pools.